Archaeometry, in general, involves dating of organic and inorganic materials, investigations of ancient and historical technology, provenance studies of artifacts (metal and non metals), geoarchaeological studies, prospection studies, studies of biological materials, conservation studies of artifacts in situ and in museums and applications of mathematical and statistical methods to archaeological materials.

Archaeometrical studies help to provide a universal chronology, the origin of production and production technology of artifacts (information on where artifacts were made, how they were made and what they were used for). Archaeometrical studies also provide information on past landscapes, climates, flora and fauna as well as on man himself, information about the locations both of archaeological sites themselves and of buried features within these sites, information for full site evaluation prior to any planning application, information for decay processes and development of new methods of conservation.

The Archaeometry Program at METU offers M.Sc. and PhD degrees.